Treatments for Skin Redness (Rosacea)

The red flush on your face that won’t go away? Those red acne-like bumps? They may not be due to your hormones, menopause or even acne—it may be rosacea.

That persistent embarrassing red flush on your face may be due to a common and harmless medical condition called rosacea. It affects one in five to ten percent of people worldwide and often goes undiagnosed. Although harmless, Rosacea can affect self-esteem and confidence, and have a negative impact on people’s social and professional lives. Here’s all you need to know about rosacea and its treatments.

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition affecting adults. It causes redness in the face, especially on the forehead, nose, cheeks and chin. In addition to the redness, some people with rosacea develop small pus-filled acne-like bumps or pustules and sore, dry and burning eyes, which can sometimes cause vision problems. Other symptoms of rosacea include a swollen nose and thickening of skin in affected areas.

It is a common disease affecting one in five to ten percent of people worldwide—statistics vary—and it often goes undiagnosed and untreated. Although often described as acne-like, rosacea is a different from acne. It is also sometimes mistaken for other skin problems, including eczema and allergies.

Usually rosacea appears in phases:

  • At the pre-rosacea stage, people experience a tendency to blush and flush easily, which progresses to become a persistent redness, especially in the middle part of the face and nose. The redness is due to the dilation of blood vessels close to the surface of the skin.
  • At the vascular phase, the skin becomes overly sensitive, and the small blood vessels on the cheeks and chin swell up visibly. Doctors refer to this as telangiectasia. Sometimes vascular rosacea occurs together with dandruff and oily skin.
  • The next stage is referred to as inflammatory rosacea. Tiny red bumps appear on the already red areas of the face, spreading across the cheeks, nose, chin and forehead.
  • Ocular rosacea affects the eyes, inflaming the inner eyelid skin, making it appear scaly and occurs in about half of those who experience rosacea.
  • Late in the cycle, some rosacea sufferers, mostly middle-aged men, develop raised, round red bumps and a bulbous nose. This condition is called rhinophyma.

There is no known cure for rosacea, but, treatments can help control and minimise symptoms.

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